John Adams defined a constitutional republic as “a government of laws, and not of men.” Constitutional republics are a deliberate attempt to diminish the perceived threat of majoritarianism, thereby protecting dissenting individuals and minority groups from the “tyranny of the majority” by placing checks on the power of the majority of the population.
America became an experiment in government when the Founders decided to break away from the traditional form of government usually enforced by a dictator or a king and their council. The Founders looked back in history and determined that by taking the best attributes of all forms of government and combining them they could create a unique government of limited government represented by the people. America became a Republic, ruled by law, not a democracy ruled by a majority of men. The reasoning behind our founders making the decision that a democracy is not the best policy, is because a well spoken person and a biased media can often persuade the majority to vote against their own interest. In a republic, representatives of the people must vote the voice of the people they represent. The following is a brief explanation of the American system of government.
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WE THE PEOPLE is the phrase the Founders used to show the world that the law of America would be placed on the shoulders of WE THE PEOPLE. The Founders believed that the best form of government was that which had limited Federal powers and maximum State powers. The Founders use the US Constitution to tell the Federal Government what they could not do and left the rest in the hands of the States. If the States were strong individually, all state would be stronger together. They believed that the best government is that closest to the people as the States would understand the needs of their own people.
Their first goal was to form a union of 13 colonies called they United States of America. The colonies decided in concept that they would maintain their individualism but group together for common interest basically commerce. The next step was to Declare Independence (1776) from King George III of England, a tyrant who took from America without giving in return. The King did not listen to the people he governed.
The US Constitution was not written over night. It required discussion, debate and in the end, America became the greatest country in the world offering the most freedom and choice to their citizens.
Government refers to the legislators, administrators, and arbitrators in the administrative bureaucracy who control a state at a given time, and to the system of government by which they are organized. Government is the means by which state policy is enforced, as well as the mechanism for determining the policy of the state.
The word government is derived from the Latin verb gubernare, an infinitive meaning “to govern” or “to manage”.
States are served by a continuous succession of different governments. Each successive government is composed of a body of individuals who exercise control over political decision-making. Their function is to enforce laws, legislate new ones, and arbitrate conflicts. In some societies, this group is often a self-perpetuating or hereditary class. In other societies, such as democracies, the political roles remain, but there is frequent turnover of the people actually filling the positions.
In most Western societies, there is a clear distinction between a government and the state. Public disapproval of a particular government (expressed, for example, by not re-electing an incumbent) does not necessarily represent disapproval of the state itself (i.e. of the particular framework of government). However, some in some totalitarian regimes, there is not a clear distinction between the regime and the state. In fact, leaders in such regimes often attempt to deliberately blur the lines between the two, in order to conflate their interests with those of the polity.